When we think of some type of childhood developmental disorder, probably the first names to come to our mind are ADHD and autism. This last condition is particularly difficult for many people to understand and can generate a high level of suffering to the child who suffers, not feeling understood, and their immediate environment to fear not being able to approach their child.
Having autism also involves a series of difficulties that will have to be faced and that must be treated throughout the process of development and the life of the subject. But to be able to help this sector of the population it is necessary first of all to be able to determine if this disorder is suffered or not. In this sense, we need a series of tests or tests to detect autism. In this article, we will mention some of the most applicable. Continue reading: Resignation syndrome: symptoms, causes and treatment
Autism: what is it?
Before entering to indicate some of the main existing tests and tests to detect autism, it would be useful to go a little deeper into the notion we have regarding this disorder.
We call autism, now autistic spectrum disorder, a type of neurodevelopmental alteration (that is, it originates during the stage of growth and neuronal development) characterized by the presence of problems and severe difficulties in language, socialization, and behavior. This disorder can usually be detected before three years of age, appearing in very early stages of life. Keep reading http://pearsonstyle.com/best-health-tips-for-2017/
These are some of the main characteristics and criteria of people with autism. It must also be taken into account that, although it is usually diagnosed in children, it is a chronic disorder that will persist into adulthood and that requires appropriate therapeutic management in order to reduce possible affectation in the different areas of life and increase the level of autonomy and well-being of these people.
The main tests for autism
A basic aspect to be able to intervene in this disorder is the fact of detecting it. In this sense, numerous tests have been developed over the years in order to detect the presence of an autism spectrum disorder and the aspects that in each case appear altered. These tests can be passed on to different agents, either the minor himself or more usually the parents and teachers.
Below we will see some of the most well-known tests that are usually used in the detection of autism, recommended by well-known publishers such as TEA Ediciones or different organizations specialized in Autism.
It is important to bear in mind that the ones we are going to mention are not all that exist, but only some of the most representative ones. It should also be noted that, both in this and in other disorders, the results of a test are not determinants or a sufficient condition for the diagnosis, and other information such as those obtained in interviews, with the observation of the person or with the reports of other people.
Observation Scale for the Diagnosis of Autism (ADOS)
One of the best known and reference tests in the diagnosis of autism, it is an elaborated scale with the purpose of evaluating the communicative capacities, social interaction and the game and use of materials and that offer cut points. It consists of four modules of which only applies to the subject in question by age range and communication level. A minimum mental age of two years of age is required and allows the minor to be evaluated based on his execution. At present more advanced editions can be found like the ADOS 2. It can evaluate children and adults.
Interview for the Autism Diagnosis (ADI)
The ADI and its review (ADI-R) are clinical interviews designed to conduct a thorough evaluation regarding a possible case of autism. It consists of around 93 questions (in the ADI-R version) which explore language, reciprocal social interaction, and restricted behaviors/interests. It focuses on the typical behaviors of the subject with autism that rarely appear in people without this affectation. The punctuation can be codified and later it is interpreted with algorithms, not having comparative scales.
Adaptive Behavior Assessment System (ABAS)
The instrument that evaluates adaptive behavior from birth to 89 years. Evaluate the areas of communication, utilization of community resources, functional academic skills, life at home, life at school, health and safety, leisure, self-care, self-direction, social, motor and employment.
The second version (ABAS-II) also includes the conceptual, social and practical global indexes. Although it is not unique to autism, it allows evaluating the main areas affected by this disorder. They are the parents, teachers or close friends who usually give an answer and complete the test, although the subject can also answer it. Recommended for you: http://esscnyc.com/5-ways-to-protect-yourself-from-heat-during-the-summer/
Finally, alterations also occur in behavior. It highlights the presence of restricted interests and a high need for routines, the presence of changes being tremendously stressful for them since they require them to have a sense of security. It is not uncommon to present expressions, movements or use of repeated objects, often as a way to calm down. It has also been observed that it is common to be hyper or hypersensitive to stimulation, reacting in excess or not reacting at all to noises and lights.