Insomnia can affect anyone. There are millions of people around the world who suffer from this scary sleep disorder. This condition makes patients unable to fall asleep or stay asleep in addition to leave many other negative impacts on their daily routines.

Insomnia has many devastating effects and commonly leads the person to feel lethargic, sleepy, and unwell both physically and mentally. Moreover, it also causes mood swings, anxiety and irritability. Insomnia can also lead to a higher risk of chronic disorders and diseases. While Insomnia can strike people of any age and kind, there are some people who are more prone to experience this sleep disorders than others, for example, travelers, shift workers, aged people, drug users, young or adult students, menopausal and pregnant women as well as those with mental disorders.

Causes of Insomnia

Many people experience Insomnia every year. This sleeping disorder can affect anyone due to a number of causes. It often strikes individuals because of a secondary cause, for example, an underlying illness or unnatural lifestyle. Other causes of Insomnia may include psychological factors, mental and physical illnesses, unpleasant life situations, accidents, usage of certain medications and abnormal hormone levels.

Symptoms of Insomnia:

Insomnia is a serious medical problem which has a number of signs and symptoms. These symptoms include difficulty in sleeping at night, waking up earlier than desired, feeling tired even after sleeping in night, and broken sleep episodes during night hours. Moreover, anxiety, irritability, daytime sleepiness or fatigue and being unable to concentrate or focus properly in addition to being uncoordinated are some signs and symptoms that are associated with Insomnia.

How to Diagnose Insomnia?

Insomnia can be diagnosed by a number of tests. Generally, the sleep specialist asks the individual with Insomnia several questions about their medical history as well as their sleep pattern. He then may conduct a physical examination to find out the problems that could be the cause of Insomnia. Also, the specialist might also examine to look for any possible psychiatric disorders as well as alcohol and drug use. 

Treatment Of Insomnia

Insomnia can be treated with both medical and behavioral therapies. For example, good sleep hygiene like avoiding smartphones or other electronics can help you deal with Insomnia. Furthermore, avoiding caffeine in night hours, having a comfortable sleeping environment work to overcome the sleeping disorder also help individuals get good sleep. Sometimes, Insomnia can be resolved by treating underlying cause. In other words, treatment of the sleep disorder depends on determining the primary cause and treating it first in order to correct insomnia.

Also, various relaxation methods like muscle relaxation and medications also help deal with Insomnia.  When it comes to the best mediation to treat Insomnia, Etizolam is the name that comes first in most doctors’ mind. It works great to manage sleep disorders and anxiety and can be used without having worrying about any significant side effects.

In addition, some doctors also recommend people with insomnia to have cognitive therapy which works as group or one-on-one counseling remedy.

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